1. D. N. JAGTAP*, P. M. INGLE, A. S. DALVI, P. S. BODAKE, U. V. MAHADKAR AND M. M. BURONDKAR [Annual trends of climate variables at Karjat location of Maharashtra state]. Fmg. & Mngmt. 5 (1) : 1-6 (2020). Department of Agronomy Dr. Balasaheb Sawant Konkan Krishi Vidyapeeth Dapoli-415712, Maharashtra, India *(e-mail : firstname.lastname@example.org)
The present study comprises the annual trends of different climatic variables for Karjat, Maharashtra, India. The trend analysis for different climatic variables such as maximum and minimum temperature, rainfall, maximum relative humidity, minimum relative humidity, wind speed and sunshine hours was carried out for 25 years from 1991-2015. The linear regression trend analysis was carried out for maximum temperature, minimum temperature, rainfall, morning and afternoon relative humidity, bright sunshine hours and wind speed for annual. For confirmation of trend, Mann-Kendall test was carried out for Karjat location. The trend analysis showed that trend increased for all parameters except afternoon relative humidity and bright sunshine hours, and statistically significant at 95% level of significance in case of minimum temperature.
2. Jiban Shrestha*, Subash Subedi, Krishna Prasad Timsina, Amit Chaudhary, Manoj Kandel and Subina Tripathi [Conservation agriculture as an approach towards sustainable crop production : A Review]. Fmg. & Mngmt. 5 (1) : 7-15 (2020). 1Agriculture Botany Division Nepal Agricultural Research Council (NARC) Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Nepal *(e-mail : email@example.com)
Conservation agriculture systems with adequate crop and soil management packages have been described as one of the long term solutions for the depletion of natural resources and environmental quality in agriculture. This paper analyzes the significance of conservation agriculture and the relationship with global environmental change and highlights the complexities associated with socio-economic factors, science, and technology. The conventional mode of agriculture, through intensive farming practices, has been successful in achieving production goals, but at the same time has contributed to the depletion of natural resources. Increasing concerns for sustainable agriculture has been seen as a positive response to both low-input, conventional agriculture, and intensive modern agriculture, which rely on high inputs for crop production. Sustainable agriculture relies on practices that help to preserve ecological equilibrium and promote natural regenerative processes such as nitrogen fixation, nutrient cycling, soil regeneration, and the conservation of natural enemies of pest and diseases, as well as the efficient use of inputs. Conservation Agriculture (CA) is an agricultural technique designed to increase crop production and sustainability by rejuvenating soil fertility on the basis of three principles of minimal soil disturbance, surface crop residue retention, and crop rotation. Agricultural systems that rely on these strategies are not only capable of promoting high productivity but are also capable of maintaining biodiversity and protecting the environment. Conservation agriculture has come up as a new paradigm to achieve the goal of sustainable agricultural production. It is a major step towards the transition to sustainable agriculture.
3. Vedpal SINGH* AND Ratikanta MAITI [An overview of the production of fibres by plants]. Fmg. & Mngmt. 5 (1) : 16-38 (2020). 1Gaurav Publications, Agricultural Research Information Centre (Regd.) Systematic Printers, Near Video Market, Hisar-125 001 (Haryana), India *(e-mail : firstname.lastname@example.org)
The fibres which have a great demand in the world are exploited both under cultivated conditions as well as in wild or natural condition. The most commonly exploited species are cotton whose use is antique, represents the harvest of greater industrial importance in the world. The fibre of most extensive use after cotton is jute, but not so valuable as that of cotton or flax from the point of textile value. The cannabis is extensively cultivated in tropical and temperate region. The fibre of this species is valuable owing to the cause of its notable length, its resistance and great durability. Others of the species most explored is ramie of Asiatic origin. The vegetable fibres are found in the roots, stems, leaves, fruits and seeds and are extracted from these parts by different processes such as retting and decortication of the plant parts among others, depending on the stage of maturity of the plant. The purpose of this article is to provide knowledge on the production of fibres by plants, which can be used as a reference by the students, researchers and other stake holders dealing with vegetable fibres.
4. Vedpal SINGH* AND Ratikanta MAITI [Active substances and bitter ingredients in medicinal plants : An overview]. Fmg. & Mngmt. 5 (1) : 39-53 (2020). 1Gaurav Publications, Agricultural Research Information Centre (Regd.) Systematic Printers, Near Video Market, Hisar-125 001 (Haryana), India *(e-mail : email@example.com)
Based on the experience acquired and transmitted during the courses of generations, people came to know that some plants may alleviate numerous diseases and promote their cure. This article makes an overview of research conducted during recent years on various aspects particularly active substances and bitter ingredients in some medicinal plants have been described. The purpose of this article is to provide information on the active substances and bitter ingredients in some medicinal plants, which can be used as a reference by all those stake holders who are dealing with medicinal plants.
5. Vedpal SINGH* AND Ratikanta MAITI [Advancement of research on post harvest management of fruit crops]. Fmg. & Mngmt. 5 (1) : 54-70 (2020). 1Gaurav Publications, Agricultural Research Information Centre (Regd.) Systematic Printers, Near Video Market, Hisar-125 001 (Haryana), India *(e-mail : firstname.lastname@example.org)
After harvest, the plant organs undergo several physiological, biochemical and biological processes affecting the quality of the products. In addition, the environmental and biotic factors affect fruit qualities. The metabolic activity of harvested plant organs differs depending on species or cultivars. Immediately after harvest, senescence starts and secondary metabolic activity leads to some catabolic processes. These metabolic changes during the post-harvest period involve as plant pigment changes (biosynthesis of lycopene and breakdown of chlorophyll) and browning reactions (biosynthesis of phenolic substances). Post-harvest secondary metabolism is also influenced by exogenous factors such as temperature or storage atmosphere, and ethylene as the main endogenous factor. The aim of this article is to provide information on the post harvest management of some fruits for those people who are dealing with the storage of fruits.